alpha beta

Aa
Bb
Cc
Dd
Ee
Ff
Gg
Jj
Kk
Ll
Mm
Nn
Oo
Pp
Qq
Rr
Ss
Tt
Uu
Vv
Xx
Yy
Zz
Αα (vowel) like a-gora or animal
Ββ like vi-negar or viva
Γγ like y-es or y-ellow
Δδ like the
Εε (vowel) like e-gg or era
Ζζ like z-oro or zoo
Ηη (vowel) like ea-gle or eat
Θθ like the-saurus or thermodynamics or thesis or theory
Ιι (vowel) like i-anos or ear
Κκ like k-ite or kitchen
Λλ like l-emonade or labyrinth
Μμ like m-oon or mother
Νν like n-ike or noble
Ξξ like (o)-xy-(moron)
Οο (vowel) like o-cean or oracle
Ππ like py-ramis or power
Ρρ like r-oasted or river
Σσ like s-top or silence
Ττ like t-oast or track
Υυ(vowel) like y-psilon or ear or eat or ianos
Φφ like fire or full or fish
Χχ like ho (-mo sapiens) or horrible
Ψψ like (pe)-psi cola
Ωω (vowel) like omega or ocean or orange


To pronounce a consonant you need a vowel like everywhere all over the world. A consonant is dead without a vowel. A wonderful pronunciation can be achieved thinking or reading in syllables.

Example :
small letters :
zo – ro, al – pha, be -ta / ζο – ρό, άλ – φα, βή – τα.

capital letters :
ZO-RO, AL-PHA, BE-TA / ΖΟ-ΡΟ, ΑΛ-ΦΑ, ΒΗ-ΤΑ

vowels 7 :

εο
ηω
αιυ
ο,ω = same sound
η,ι,υ = same sound

few combinations of vowels can give a sound :

ευ-τυχία (ef – tihia, happiness, good luck) / εφ -τυχία (the misspell doesn’t change the meaning).

παύ-ση (paf-si, pause) / πάφ-ση (the misspell doesn’t change the meaning)

αυ-γό (av – yo, egg) / αβ-γό (the misspell doesn’t change the meaning)



ευ = sometimes for the sound ef (f), and some other times for ev (the e as the egg sound)

αυ = af or av (the a as the apple sound)
ει, οι = e (the sound like when we say ear or eat)
ου = for u ( sound similar to the p-u-sh or put)
The key for the pronunciation is to split the word in syllables, and that’s all. Consonant + vowel or vowel + consonant.
The New Testament was written in Koine Greek, which is not a big of a deal, not big difference with the modern. All letters were capitals, though, and no space in between, like when you see the written speech on an ancient marble or ostracon (piece of pottery).
The similarities with the Latin and English alphabet are because it is the same alphabet with a few letters missing or added, and that’s all.
Papyrus 46 is one of the oldest extant New Testament manuscripts in Greek, written on papyrus, with its ‘most probable date’ between 175–225.

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